BREAKING NEWS: CDC releases new healthcare-associated infection data on prevalence and state-specific prevention progress
March 26, 2014—The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released two new reports detailing progress made in preventing healthcare-associated infections and areas where additional intervention is necessary. The Multistate Point-Prevalence Survey of Health Care-Associated Infections, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), updates national HAI prevalence data; the National and State Healthcare-associated Infection Progress Report reflects on state-specific progress in preventing HAIs.
The Multistate Point-Prevalence Survey of Health Care-Associated Infections notes that 1 in 25 patients (722,000 infections) in the U.S. acquire HAIs each year. Furthermore, about 75,000 patients who have an HAI will die during hospitalization. The report also notes that pneumonia is now the most common HAI in America, accounting for 22 percent of infections. The second most common infections are surgical site (22 percent), followed by gastrointestinal (17 percent), urinary tract (13 percent), and bloodstream infections (10 percent). The report also notes the top organisms leading to HAIs. The most common germ causing HAIs is Clostridium difficile (12 percent), followed by Staphylococcus (11 percent), Klebsiella (10 percent) and Escherichia coli (9 percent), Enterococcus (9 percent), and Pseudomonas (7 percent). Read the CDC’s news release and the report in the NEJM.
The National and State Healthcare-associated Infection Progress Report includes a subset of infection types that are commonly required to be reported to CDC. On the national level, the report found a:
- 44 percent decrease in central line-associated bloodstream infections between 2008 and 2012
- 20 percent decrease in infections related to the 10 surgical procedures tracked in the report between 2008 and 2012
- four percent decrease in hospital-onset MRSA between 2011 and 2012
- two percent decrease in hospital-onset C. difficile infections between 2011 and 2012